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Horticulture NC 11 is a Tesda short course you will learn right managing in farming like fruit bearing, basic landscape design and selecting the right plants for difficult areas,flowering, harvesting of food crops such as fruits and vegetables. Horticulture NC 11 it also includes the cultivation of medicinal plant, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants. It also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design, construction, and maintenance, and arboriculture. Inside agriculture, horticulture contrasts with extensive field farming as well as animal husbandry. This photo credits to www.
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This paper provided brief discussion of the current state of Philippine agriculture, the challenges being faced by the sector as well as the plans at least for the medium-term. It highlighted the importance of agriculture in the country and the challenges faced by the government to accelerate agricultural transformation. It also provided discussion on what will the agricultural sector look like in the next 3 to 5 years and what institutional framework or development plan to boost agricultural productivity.
Policies were outlined in a legislative agenda to expand economic opportunities in the country. Key institution such as PCAARRD was identified to play crucial role in realizing the targets of the medium-term agricultural development plan. Agriculture remains of crucial importance in the economy of the Philippines, albeit its relative contribution to gross domestic product GDP has been declining over the years. However, gross value added GVA to agriculture in constant prices has been growing during the same period Table 2 , which means agriculture is not shrinking in absolute size.
The declining contribution of agriculture to the total GDP is due to structural transformation as industry and services grew relatively much faster Fig. Table 2. One of the critical roles of agriculture is as source of employment. This suggests that labor productivity in agriculture is lower relative to the other sectors and that the structural transformation taking place in the Philippine economy is rather slow and weak.
Philippine agriculture may be characterized among others, by limited diversification and low productivity. Other ASEAN countries have generally more diverse agriculture than the Philippines and have been exhibiting better agricultural performance. For instance, crop yields are generally lower in the Philippines compared to other countries in the region Table 3.
The country is also clearly lagging behind in long term total factor productivity in agriculture Table 4. Cognizant of the crucial role of agriculture, the previous administration attempted to put the sector into higher growth trajectory Table 5. These targets have largely been achieved in livestock and poultry, but hardly been approximated in crops and fisheries.
The situation became even worse in when the crops and fisheries sectors exhibited 3. Limited diversification and low productivity are two of the most important challenges which constrain agricultural transformation in the country.
The combined area of high value crops with great market expansion potential is smaller than combined area of rice, corn and coconut, which are the traditional crops in the country. This limits the capacity of the country to harness the full potentials of the growing local and international markets. Low agricultural productivity is an even bigger challenge. The cultivation frontier in the Philippines has long come to a close. This means that increasing agricultural production in the country can solely come from productivity improvement increasing output per unit of area since no new area can be opened up for new cultivation.
There is also limited connectivity between production areas and markets, and poor compliance with product standards resulting to low competitiveness of agriculture, forestry and fisheries AFF products. Climate change is also an important challenge as its adverse impacts such as increased flooding incidence, drought, soil degradation, water shortages and increased pests and diseases constantly threaten agricultural output and productivity.
The Philippines is third among the countries in the world in terms of disaster risk index World Risk Report,Natural resource degradation is likewise an important challenge — deforestation leading to loss in biodiversity, soil erosion, flood and water quality; intensive cultivation resulting to depletion of nutrients in various ecosystems; loss of biodiversity resulting to increased incidence of pest and diseases and loss of natural predators.
The impact of resource conservation on productivity was demonstrated in an earlier study SEARCA, which showed that adoption of conservation practices was a significant determinant in improving the productivity of corn, especially those planted in marginal lands.
Investment in technology and innovation and the necessary support services is an important requisite to achieving successful agricultural transformation. In the Philippines, the inadequacy of such investment has long been a significant constraint to agricultural growth. The prospects for Philippine agriculture within the next five years appear to be modest, although the period may mark the beginning of real transformation taking place in the agricultural sector.
The full implementation of the plan is expected to significantly address the challenges and constraints being faced by the agricultural sector. Foremost is the serious effort of the present administration to achieve significant annual growth in the various sub-sectors crops, livestock and poultry, forestry and fisheries Table 6.
Various strategies are currently underway, adequately supported by a clear investment program to ensure the achievement of the targets. The targets have also been made more realistic by taking into account the inherent risks and vulnerabilities being faced by the sector. The continued expansion of the Philippine economy and improvement in per capita income are projected to further increase food demand. Together with the ambitious spending program of the government to build various infrastructure dubbed as Build-Build-Build Program , agriculture within the next five years might enter a truly transforming phase.
Sustained increases in food demand may significantly increase farm income and induce farmers to seek productivity improving technologies and practices. Most of these technologies are already available, albeit adoption has somehow been limited. The infrastructure program of the government may also draw labor from agriculture. The resulting decline in agricultural manpower may induce increases in agricultural mechanization and lead to improvement in agricultural labor productivity.
While the sector may face vibrant food demand though, competition with imported food is expected to intensify. Rising food prices will lead to greater clamor for more free trade in food, which is already happening in the case of rice. Such competition however, should be viewed positively as it would place greater pressure to accelerate and intensify all agricultural productivity and efficiency enhancement needed to boost the competitiveness of the agricultural sector.
As mentioned though, the prospects may just be modest and what could be witnessed is just the inception of a transforming phase. It would take more than 3 to 5 years to significantly free the sector from all the structural constraints, inherent vulnerabilities and adverse conditions it is in, resulting from decades of neglect. A legislative agenda has also been formulated to support this framework Table 7.
In the medium term, the plan aims to expand economic opportunity for those who are already engaged in producing agricultural products and increase access to economic opportunities for small farmers and fisherfolks who are typically subsistence farmers and have limited market participation.
Over the plan period, the target is to increase agricultural GVA from the baseline value of 0. A reversal of the negative growth of fisheries production and export is likewise aimed for. The strategy of the plan is anchored on improving productivity and increasing access. The sector outcomes were clearly identified in the plan and the strategies for achieving them are as follows:.
To expand economic opportunities for existing AFF producers: a productivity must be improved sustainably; and b the number and capacity of AFF based enterprises must increase. Sustained productivity improvement will be achieved by striking a balance between utilization and regeneration of land and water resources. New AFF based enterprises will be encouraged and existing ones will be expanded to increase value added and to tap better markets. The resulting rise in income will attract new entrants, especially the youth to pursue agriculture.
Sustainable productivity improvement will entail the following:. It will contain updated sub-national information on soil characteristics, water availability, climatic types, topography, and socioeconomic conditions. The map will inform production decisions about suitable crops and agricultural activities. It will also guide the identification and prioritization of programs, projects, and activities in the sector.
Accelerate construction of disaster- and climate-resilient small-scale irrigation systems and retrofit existing ones. Irrigation systems must be disaster- and climate- resilient and compliant with construction standards. Priority will be given to small and communal irrigation systems, especially water harvesting technologies. Large-scale irrigation systems will be constructed if deemed hydrologically appropriate i.
Funding will be provided for the full implementation of the Agricultural and Fisheries Mechanization Law or RA to encourage local manufacturing and assembly of machinery and equipment for production, post-harvest, and processing activities. Government will intensify information, education and communication IEC activities on available local machinery e.
The existing extension system will be strengthened through the engagement of a pool of professional extension workers that will provide technical and business advisory services. Priority extension activities will include encouraging farmers and fisherfolk to use: a certified seeds and quality planting materials, especially high- yielding and stress-tolerant varieties e.
The government will recognize and advocate for the adoption of good practices e. The adoption of integrated farming systems such as intercropping, livestock-crops, crops-livestock-fish, and agro-forestry will be promoted to maximize the use of land. The integrated color-coded agricultural map can be utilized for this purpose. New forms of linkages such as contract farming and corporate farming that will connect AFF enterprises to markets and other upstream services will be established.
The government will lead in market facilitation through the conduct of domestic and international trade fairs and market-matching activities. It will also intensify enterprise-based capacity building and business advisory services for farmers and fisherfolk organizations, including agrarian reform beneficiaries ARB organizations. The capacity building and advisory will help the organizations manage.
The government will continue to implement and monitor programs and projects that foster community-based enterprises in upland areas. At the same time, efforts will be undertaken to address issues of accessibility and connectivity, as well as vulnerability to climate and disaster risks.
Sector Outcome B: Access to economic opportunities by small farmers and fisherfolk increased. To increase the access of small farmers and fisherfolk to economic opportunities, the government will facilitate their access to value chains, technology, and financing. At the same time, it will ensure that their rights and welfare are defended and asserted.
Farm-to-market roads, bridges, tramlines, and railways will be constructed to connect small farmers and fisherfolk to the agricultural value chain. Inter-island water transport e. This aims to reduce losses, maintain quality and food safety, and increase the value of agricultural and fishery commodities e. This agenda espouses the use of advanced and emerging technologies such as biotechnology, genomics, bioinformatics, nanotechnology, and ICT as tools to find science and technology solutions to AFF problems and to develop new products with significant impact to the sector.
The following will continue to be priorities for the sector: a development of climate and disaster-responsive technologies and innovations; b development of fishery culture system for species with high market potential; and c improvement of fishery culture for traditional species. This entails information dissemination and capacity building on the use of certified seeds as well as post-harvest, processing and packaging technologies.
Subsector Outcome 3: Access of small farmers and fisherfolk to land and water resources increased and protected. An inventory of lands and profiling of ARBs will be conducted to ensure an updated status of land distribution in the country and guide the delivery of support services in agrarian reform communities and clusters.
Timely and free legal assistance will be provided to ARBs, including counselling and representation in judicial and quasi- judicial bodies. This law does not include any provision for sanctions or penalties to LGUs that reclassify agricultural lands more than the allowable limit i.
Local ordinances must be issued to smallholder farmers and fisherfolk who are not yet organized into associations and cooperatives. Efforts to integrate them into larger agribusiness enterprises and institutional buyers will also be pursued. Professional agricultural extension workers will be tapped to provide trainings to small farmers and fisherfolk in the farmer field schools and demonstration farms that will be established. The trainings will include processing, packaging, marketing, and compliance with product standards and certification.
The government will continue to implement community- based employment programs as alternative income sources during the off-season. Seasonal workers will also be trained on off- farm and non-farm activities to enable them to take advantage of alternative employment opportunities, including their involvement in the development of agri-tourism.
This will be done by improving the awareness and appreciation of small farmers and fisherfolk of risk insurance. Innovative agricultural insurance schemes such as weather index-based and area-based yield index insurance will be promoted.
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Ramon Cabanos Barba ONS August 31, — October 10, was a Filipino inventor and horticulturist   best known for inventing a way to induce more flowers in mango trees using ethrel and potassium nitrate. Rosa Academy in , receiving the third honor among his batchmates. Helen Layosa Valmayor became his Biology Laboratory instructor. Gonzales, considered the "father of Philippine horticulture. Barba received a scholarship from the University of Georgia where he began conducting experiments on inducing the flowering of plants using gibberellic acid and potassium nitrate as a fertilizer. He graduated with distinction with a Master of Science in Horticulture from the university inThere were initial objections to Barba's research proposals for inducing flowering in mango.
on Postharvest Handling of Horticultural. Perishables in the Philippines. Dormita R. del Carmen. University Researcher. Postharvest Horticulture Training.
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Please check entry requirements HERE. Often you can get a suitable transcript from your school. If this is not the case, you will need official translations along with verified copies of the original. You must take the original entry qualification documents along with you when you finally go to the university. The UPW r Doctoral School emphasises self-development and problem-solving skills to teach our students to approach their work with an open mind and innovative methods. Such an approach allows us to shape open and innovative researchers who will enter the world of international science by conducting groundbreaking research. The interdisciplinary programme involves research with the direction and guidance of a selected supervisor and publishing research findings in the best international journals. The school encourages participation in training, courses, and scientific conferences.
The College of Agriculture evolved as an Institute from a sole program under the Department of Higher Education in during the incumbency of Dr. Robustiano J. Estrada as the College President with Dr. Camilo C.
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Expand your knowledge of the plant world through a variety of classes and workshops — prune roses with an expert, keep that supermarket orchid alive, start your veggie garden, or grow your very own bonsai! Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. Garden Etiquette. Interactive Map. Admission and Hours. Buy a Ticket.
The contribution of horticulture to sustainable development
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maintaining and developing green spaces (municipalities, golf courses, parks and gardens); marketing of horticultural products and services. Specialization A.
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Skip to main content. The contribution of horticulture to sustainable development. Authors H. Jaenicke, D. Abstract Facing the combined challenges of an increasing world population, environmental degradation, climate change and civil unrest, our world needs new responses to sustainable development. Looking at the contributions that can be made by horticulture to several of these SDGs, this paper will present the most applicable goals and targets and highlight how the sector can make a significant contribution to the achievement of several of the SDGs and thus to global development.
This practical course encompasses organic, permaculture and no-dig principles.
The graduates will be able to set up and develop their own business — create own farms, work in agricultural companies and organizations, in companies providing landscaping services. Username or Email Address. Remember Me. All year Application date. Programme overview Having chosen the specialty of Horticulture, you will learn to: evaluate agri-environment in Lithuania and the EU; understand the morphology and bioecological properties of plants; understand principles of rational land use and impact of economic activities on the environment; perform research and to summarize the results based on information technology, scientific literature and other information; evaluate quality of agricultural production; organize and to plan a specialized farm, the patterns of harvest and its quality formation, to organize product sales; provide consultations on plant cultivation and care; understand business environment and respective legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania; evaluate the quality of agricultural production; create and manage agricultural business, to communicate with agricultural specialists and the public in solving various business problems. Get in touch.
This program trains individuals to work in the ornamental horticulture service industry, in one of the three following areas of specialty:. Technologists in this area of specialty are involved in planning and maintaining landscaping projects. Technologists in this area of specialty are involved in every aspect of planning maintenance projects and developing green spaces. Skills associated with these two specializations also include producing graphic landscaping representations, producing documents related to horticultural projects and carrying out landscaping work.