Description of the strawberry variety Queen Elizabeth

Description of the strawberry variety Queen Elizabeth


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Strawberry Elizabeth is one of the most popular varieties. Gardeners choose it for its pleasant taste, attractive appearance, unpretentiousness, long-term fruiting, good transportability and many other advantages.

Description of varieties Queen Elizabeth

Strawberries Queen Elizabeth are presented in two varieties: Queen Elizabeth and Queen Elizabeth 2... It is believed that the homeland of the variety is England, and was bred by the famous breeder Ken Muir. However, there is no evidence for this, so some are skeptical about this assumption.

The second Queen appeared thanks to the Russian breeder Mikhail Kachalkin, who drew attention to plants with higher yields and selected them for further breeding. The result was obtained in 2001.

Both varieties are almost identical.

However, there are still differences:

  • first bears fruit with long daylight hours (at least 8 hours), in contrast to the second, the fruiting duration of which does not depend on daylight hours and which, accordingly, bears fruit much longer;
  • the first has leaves and the bush itself is larger;
  • the first has young leaves of light green, and Elizabeth 2 has dark green;
  • Elizabeth gives a lot of mustache, and Elizabeth 2, if you do not remove the peduncles, a maximum of 5, 2-3 sockets on each;
  • Elizabeth's peduncles are the same height as the leaves, and stand upright, while in the second they are lower than the leaves and lie down from a bountiful harvest.

Strawberry Elizabeth 2 belongs to repaired varieties, that is, it bears fruit in several stages:

  1. flowering - in May, fruits - in June;
  2. flowering - in July, fruits - in August;
  3. flowering - in September, fruits - in October.

If weather conditions are favorable, berries can be enjoyed until November.

Elizabeth blooms in May one of the first and bears the first fruits at the end of May or early June. This earlier fruiting is due to the fact that the buds are formed in the fall. With them, the bushes and go into winter "hibernation".

Fruiting is abundant and, as a result, an unusually high yield. On average, according to the description you can get 350 centners of berries per hectare, per bush - up to 1.5 kg... Even the whiskers that form in July also bear fruit in August.

The varieties are quite frost-hardy and winter well. However, the earliest harvest is guaranteed if the beds are covered for the winter.

Dignity

One of the advantages of these varieties is amazing quality berries, both in appearance and taste. The bright red fruits are large (up to 40-50 g), even, neat, the surface is like varnished.

In cool weather, the berries are larger (up to 100 g), while they are stretched

.

The fully ripe fruit tastes more like honey. The sweetest berries come in summer.

The berries are stored for a long time and are well transported. They do not boil over, they also retain their shape when frozen.

Disadvantages

The Elizaveta variety has one drawback, and that, in comparison only with its follower, the Elizaveta variety 2. It bears less fruit, and loses from this in yield.

The disadvantage of the second Elizabeth is the inability to get both fruits and a mustache from the bush at the same time. You have to choose one thing, and at the time when the buds are formed. There is no other way.

Planting strawberries

Strawberries of these varieties are suitable for growing in all regions, both in the open field and in greenhouses, including panel ones. They also cultivate it on balconies. She feels good on fertile loamy neutral soils, always moderately moist.

Any time is suitable for planting, from spring to autumn. But the optimal time is second half of July - early August... Plants will take root and get stronger before frost. For an autumn planting, shelter must be provided.

It is better to prepare the soil in advance. To do this, choose a sunny area and add a mixture of humus with peat (in equal parts) to the soil. Then dig up the bed and leave for a month so that everything decays.

Immediately before planting, you need to make grooves. In order not to be mistaken with the depth, use the end of the shovel. Bushes are spaced in the distance 26-30 cm apart. Distance between rows - 60 cm... When planting, it is desirable to apply phosphorus fertilizers directly to the ground.

As the plant ages, the berry becomes smaller. This is noticeable already in the second year after planting. Therefore, it is recommended every year, preferably in late summer or early autumn, to make new beds and plant young seedlings.

Post-plant care

A renovation variety will only reach its full potential with careful maintenance.

Top dressing

Since plants produce crops continuously, they need regular feeding... During fruiting, feeding is carried out weekly.

The most suitable fertilizers during this period are organic. It is good to include ammonia fertilizers, phosphoric acid, urea in spring feeding. Strawberries also react well to nitrogen-containing additives.

The berries of the first harvest at Elizabeth 2 are not very large, so some remove the first peduncles and feed the bushes.

As a top dressing in this period, it is better to use a mullein diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10. Ash is added to it. This has a beneficial effect on the second harvest - the fruits are much larger, and they ripen faster.

If chicken manure is used, then it is diluted in a ratio of 1:20.

Watering

This variety requires watering in 1-2 days... The soil should be moistened to a depth of 5 cm.

To avoid excessive soil moisture, it is either mulched (with straw, humus, sawdust), or the bed is covered with black film or non-woven material. Plants can also be planted on film.

Weed control

How unpretentious Elizabeth was in leaving, weeds need to be removed... Mulching and sheeting help control weeds.

Loosening the soil

The soil must be loosened after every watering and rain... This is done to strengthen the root system.

Preparation for wintering includes the removal of peduncles, unripe fruits, old foliage (leave no more than 2-3 leaves), hillock, shelter with needles branches. Experienced gardeners advise to water it well just before the colds.

Strawberry propagation

Rosettes formed on the mustache are traditionally used as planting material.

The method of dividing the bush is also effective. Can also be propagated by seeds. They are planted in the ground under glass (without embedding). Landing time - early February... From the moment of sowing to germination, at least 3-4 weeks pass.

When growing seedlings from seeds, the place should be well lit, drip irrigation is applied.

Diseases and pests

The Elizaveta variety is remarkable sustainability to typical diseases of this culture. However, in rainy weather, so that gray rot does not appear, it is still advisable to process the planting of strawberries with phytosporin or integral.

Elizabeth is not very attractive to insects either, therefore no need to use chemicals... From a weevil, which often infects strawberries of different varieties, you can sprinkle the leaves with tobacco dust.

It takes a lot of time and effort to get a good harvest. But the result is invariably pleasing, especially since no store-bought strawberry can compare with the one that is grown by hand.


Strawberry variety Queen Elizabeth 2 - description, photo, reviews of gardeners

The popularity of remontant strawberries is growing. Breeders annually release new varieties on the market, in Russia they also ceased to be a wonder. Today the main question of the gardener is “what to choose?”. Judging by the reviews, photos, description of the variety, Elizaveta 2 strawberries remain one of the best for cultivation in greenhouses and in open beds.

  1. Breeding history
  2. Suitable region and climate
  3. The main characteristics of the variety
  4. Description of the bush, pollinators
  5. Description of berries
  6. Productivity, ripening time, transportability
  7. Drought resistance and frost resistance
  8. Disease and pest resistance
  9. Advantages and disadvantages
  10. Features of planting and growing
  11. Testimonials

Description

A variety for dessert purposes, universal use. The first harvest ripens in late May - early June, often ahead of even the earliest varieties of common strawberries.

The yield potential of the variety is very high, with early planting using film shelters, even in the Moscow region, it is possible to obtain up to 10 kg of berries from 1 m 2

Plant features

Bushes are strong, erect or semi-spreading. Leaves are medium in size, dark green (even young), slightly wrinkled and ribbed, concave and shiny, with sharp teeth at the edges. Peduncles are located below the leaves; under the weight of the berries they lean to the ground. Inflorescences are spreading, consisting of numerous medium-sized white flowers, bisexual, not twisted. The ability to formulate is assessed as high.

Fruiting is long and stretched out - flowering, ripening of berries (varying degrees of ripeness) and the laying of new peduncles occur simultaneously on the bushes

Fruiting

"Elizaveta 2" begins to bear fruit very early, as in winter formed peduncles remain on the plants, capable of rapid awakening and resumption of development when warmth and sufficient daylight hours (about 8 hours). Active ripening of berries begins from late May (early June) and lasts until mid-August, or even until the very frost (September - October).

Plants leave under the snow with already formed peduncles that have buds

For "Elizabeth 2" is characterized by a pronounced remontant, which provides almost continuous flowering and fruiting. Mass harvesting is carried out several times per season, as it ripens in waves:

Fruiting wave Average terms
The first The beginning of June
The second First decade of July
Third Mid August (until mid October)

The variety has an average winter hardiness and, according to experts, is able to please you with an especially early harvest, only if the bushes have successfully overwintered and the rudiments of flowers are not frozen. As practice shows, in snowless, harsh winters on plants (even covered with sawdust or film), only single flower stalks remain.

The average yield declared by the originator is 3.50 kg / m 2 outdoors. Under favorable conditions (under film shelters, in greenhouses) and proper agricultural technology, it can reach up to 10 kg / m 2.

Berries

  • average weight - 25-30 g
  • with cold snaps, individual specimens can reach 100-110 g, acquiring a more elongated shape.

Berries are large, bright dark red with a shiny "varnished" surface

Ripe fruits acquire a rich bright red color, glossy shine ("lacquer") and a regular oval shape (sometimes with a neck). The pulp is firm, sweet-sour and juicy, low-aromatic, according to tasting ratings - 4.7 points (out of 5). Berries ripened in autumn are somewhat inferior in taste to those of June-July. The fruits are of high marketability and keeping quality, are well transported and stored. Suitable for universal use - fresh consumption, freezing, all processing methods (do not fall apart during cooking).

Growing and breeding

Strawberries "Queen Elizabeth 2" grow well not only in the beds, but also in containers or large flowerpots. With a sufficient amount of soil for the root system with the necessary amount of nutrients, the plants bear fruit perfectly and look like ampelous. Separate containers with strawberry bushes can be easily installed at home on the balcony, placed vertically in a small summer cottage (in several tiers), or placed in a greenhouse for faster ripening of an early harvest.

With a sufficient amount of land and the required amount of nutrients, strawberry plants "Elizabeth 2" can be cultivated as ampelous

The variety is recommended for cultivation as a two-year, maximum four-year crop. Its advantages include easy reproduction with a mustache, which grow abundantly in "Elizabeth 2" (in contrast to the first "Queen Elizabeth"). For breeding, standard options are used: own seedlings obtained from young rosettes on a mustache, ready-made seedlings purchased from nurseries or from private producers, germination from seeds.

Various agricultural firms offer strawberry seeds "Queen Elizabeth 2"

The main disadvantage of the variety is that the market is flooded with fakes, and it is quite difficult to acquire high-quality planting material. Revitalized (virus-free) seedlings with the originator's guarantee are offered only by M. Kachalkin's Experimental Breeding Nursery.

Like all remontant varieties that direct the main forces of the plant to fruiting, "Elizabeth 2" needs dressing - almost continuous supply of nitrogen and potassium. Phosphorus and complex mineral fertilizers (such as "Kemira"), as a rule, are applied during soil preparation a month before planting along with organic matter (high moor peat, humus).

Regular, but moderate watering is important, preventing the soil from flooding

For strawberry seedlings, it is recommended to form high ridges (at least 30 cm), which prevent spring waterlogging and provide faster warming.

Landing dates

Planting can be carried out at different times: from early spring to October. High ridges for spring planting should be prepared in the fall. In April, it is better to cover young seedlings with foil, this will ensure a harvest almost simultaneously with ordinary varieties. To increase the productivity of plants, the first flower stalks are advised to be removed, and in bushes not intended for reproduction, it is necessary to regularly trim the mustache.

Seedlings planted in the ground in the spring-summer period begin to bear fruit in the same season.

If the seedlings are planted in July - early August, then in September the first berries can be obtained from young bushes. The later the planting is carried out, the less time the plants have to take root well and prepare for winter. Therefore, in autumn plantings, experienced gardeners are advised to cut off all mustaches and flower stalks. To provide the plants with more heat, a frame is erected over the garden bed and covered with non-woven material.

It remains to add that the Queen Elizabeth 2 strawberry, according to reviews, is highly resistant to diseases and pests, for example: brown leaf spot, powdery mildew, gray fruit rot, transparent strawberry mite.


Advantages and disadvantages

This variety is suitable for commercial and personal cultivation. It has the following advantages:

  • enters the fruiting period much earlier than many other varieties
  • harvesting after a short break continues until the very frost
  • high degree of resistance to most diseases and pests
  • strawberry has an attractive appearance, transportable
  • the taste is excellent, sweet, aromatic
  • frost resistance high
  • the first harvest is obtained in the year of planting
  • abundance of mustaches.

Also, the advantages of the variety include the factor that the berries are suitable for fresh consumption and for conservation (the fruits do not disintegrate during heat treatment).

Queen Elizabeth, Selva, Olbia - some of the earliest strawberry varieties

Disadvantages of the variety

  • the plant is badly affected by prolonged heat, fruiting stops
  • with prolonged rains, strawberries lose sugar content and become watery
  • three years after the plantation was laid, it must be renewed
  • high demands on soil fertility
  • a lot of "gnarled" berries that are not suitable for sale.

Gardeners note that the taste of strawberries depends on climatic conditions. For southern hot regions, it is better to choose a different variety.


Care rules

The soil in the garden where Queen Elizabeth's strawberries grow must be kept moist. In dry weather, watered 2-3 times a week. Mulching with coniferous needles or straw will help maintain moisture and eliminate the need for loosening. Regular fruiting drains the plants, so they need to be fed every 2 weeks. The first time the seedlings are fed a week after transplanting, using a solution of fermented bird droppings (1:15) or mullein (1:10), the leaves are sprayed with an infusion of wood ash.

Before the first harvest, only foliar dressing is used, using solutions of complex mineral fertilizers (Plantafol, Radiance, Gera, Zdraven, Agros), prepared in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

In the future, nitrogen and potash fertilizers are applied. After the end of fruiting, granules of fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium are scattered on the beds at 40–45 g / m.


A little story about the strawberry queen Elizabeth

The repair hybrid was obtained in England in the 20th century. A few years later, he appeared in Russia, took the leading place among the varieties grown in the southern, middle latitudes, Siberia. This was facilitated by the high properties of frost and drought resistance of the variety, taste, good keeping quality, transportation of berries. In 2001, in the southern regions of the country began to grow the strawberry variety "Queen Elizabeth 2", which gives larger fruits with a dense, long-lasting pulp. But unlike the English, only two, not four, crops are given by the Queen Elizabeth - strawberry variety.

Description of the variety. Pros and cons

The main advantage of such a berry is the ability to re-harvest. The repairing variety Queen Elizabeth forms a large number of bushes, on which flower buds appear in one season, giving a new harvest. Externally, the variety is a spreading bushes, decorated with red berries, covered with gloss. They are large, royal. The average weight is 50 g. Individual berries reach values ​​of 80 g. The average size of the berries is typical for the entire season. With a lot of sun, the berries grow sweet, tasty.

One plant can provide a yield of about 2 kg. From the area of ​​the garden 1sq. m harvest up to 13 kg, subject to the correct cultivation techniques for cultivating the variety. The first harvest ripens in early June. The second is received in July, the third at the end of August. If the weather conditions permit, the arrival of the Queen Elizabeth berries takes place until October.

The disadvantages of the variety include the rapid depletion of the bushes, requiring frequent planting updates. If this is not done, then the berries become small, lose the beauty inherent in the variety.

The advantages of the variety include the ability to use it for vertical cultivation, which is important with a limited area of ​​the site.

Growing features

For growing berries, separate beds are made, flower beds, flower beds, alpine slides are decorated with beautiful bushes. Hanging pots, multi-tiered supporting structures are used, creating an original, useful decoration of the site with the help of Queen Elizabeth strawberries.

Finnish technology is often used as an agrotechnical cultivation method. It is based on the use of black film, a non-woven material for covering the soil under the seedlings. The film can be used in greenhouses, open ground, temporary shelters. The film accelerates the heating of the soil, creates good conditions for the active reproduction of beneficial microorganisms. Compared to open field conditions, berries ripen two weeks earlier under a film on the soil.

Large farms will use Dutch technology to grow berries. It is developed in detail for cultivation in greenhouses, home conditions, greenhouses. A feature of the technology is that Queen Elizabeth strawberry seedlings are planted all year round with an interval of about two months. Dutch production technology is sometimes called distillation. Usually, after the first harvest, the bushes are thrown out, replaced with new ones. The difficult moment in this method of cultivation is the preparation of the planting material, if the seedlings offered by agricultural firms are not used. Young strawberry seedlings Queen Elizabeth, dug out in September from open ground, cut, pre-freeze using a technology called Frigo.

We wrote about growing strawberries from seeds in this article.

Landing

The type of this berry belongs to the neutral day varieties. To organize optimal fruiting conditions, he needs a lot of sun and heat. Even a slight shade makes the fruit not sweet and significantly reduces the yield. A strawberry bed is made on an even place without a large slope. It is impossible to place it in a lowland, since the variety does not like dampness, excessive moisture, cold wind.

The optimal soil for the variety is considered to be a sandy loam, loamy version. If you regularly water, feed the plantings, then any other type of soil will do. Sour soil must be treated with dolomite flour. It must be brought in at least 400 g per 1 sq. M. When using wood ash, its amount is increased to 600 g. The best predecessors of strawberries are carrots, garlic, onions, cabbage, green manure. It is not recommended to grow strawberries after cucumbers, tomatoes. The site is prepared three weeks before landing. This is due to the need to compact the soil. When digging the beds, 40 g of superphosphate, a bucket of humus are introduced. 10 potassium sulfate per 1 sq. M. Low ridges form about 90 cm wide. There are two rows of strawberry bushes on them. The height of the bed is 25 cm. Holes are dug on it, spaced from each other at a distance of 30 cm. The size of the holes should ensure free positioning of the roots. Before planting, they are shaken off, cut off a little, dipped in a chatterbox made from manure, clay, and water. This technique stimulates root development. The seedlings are carefully placed in the hole, covered with soil, tamped. The strawberry heart does not fall asleep, leaving it at the soil level. Water the planting, mulch.

Reproduction

The easiest way to reproduce this variety is a mustache. To do this, choose 4-5 young whiskers located next to the main plant. Sprinkle gently without pruning from the mother plant. You can bury a plastic container, put a small socket in it. The mustache coming from the outlet is cut off. The young seedling receives nutrition from the mother plant. By the end of August, a strong root system grows in a young bush. At this time, it can be taken out of an additional container, planted in a garden bed for further growth. Such seedlings are transferred to a permanent place in the spring of next year.

For seed propagation of berries, the seeds are soaked for two days in a growth stimulant solution. Queen Elizabeth's strawberry seeds are carefully laid out on the ground of the prepared container. They do not fall asleep, but cover with foil or glass. To increase germination, the container is placed in the refrigerator for two weeks. They are put in a warm place. Amicable shoots appear in 10 days. After the appearance of three real leaves, the film (protective glass) is removed, dived into separate cups. Landing in open ground is scheduled for early June.

The division of berry bushes is carried out in the second, third year of plant development. Healthy, large shrubs with bright green leaves are selected. Each part must have an intact rosette, strong roots. The cuts are sprinkled with charcoal. The plant is immediately planted in a permanent place. The bush division method can be used during the current season.

Watering and feeding

Strawberry remontant Queen Elizabeth loves moisture, but without excess. Water abundantly, not often. Water is poured under the bush at the rate of 1.5 liters per plant. In hot summer, watering is done every two days. Together with watering, it is recommended to combine feeding three times a season with a solution of chicken manure or mullein. The plant responds well to foliar feeding with a fermented herbal solution. If the fruits are small, chemical fertilizers are applied. The appearance of a light green tint of the leaves is considered a sign of a lack of nutrition.

Pest control

The variety is considered resistant to brown spot disease, as well as to late blight, powdery mildew, gray rot. More often you have to deal with insect pests. The larvae of the strawberry mite are considered dangerous, damaging the leaves. At the same time, they curl into a tube, slow down growth, the berries on the bushes will be small. If yellow spots appear on the top of the sheets, then this indicates the appearance of a spider mite. After a short time, the entire leaf turns yellow. The fruits dry out together with the leaf in an unripe state. If flower buds dry up, an urgent need to start fighting the weevil. The nematoda manifests itself as a distorted shape of leaves, cuttings, berries. Snails and slugs like tasty berries. They are easy to spot by the holes in the berries, the marks on the leaves. Pest control is carried out by timely spraying with Aktofit, Fitoverm, other insecticides or infusions of garlic, onions a week before the arrival of the first berries.

Growing stories

Of course, if you want to grow this juicy berry in your home, it must be the “Queen Elizabeth” strawberry. Description of the variety, photos, reviews of those who grow it - everything says that tall, beautiful bushes of berries are very easy to care for, make it possible to create landscape compositions, treating the owners with juicy berries before winter.


Video "Dacha Review"

Growing strawberries from seeds is not so easy, but such a laborious process makes it possible to get excellent bushes of the variety you need. The container for growing future seedlings from seeds should be no more than 12 cm high, they should be filled with earth. There is no need to deepen the seeds into the soil, as they require a sufficient amount of light. You should only slightly moisten the ground with water, after which the seeds are evenly spaced, only slightly pressing down. Experts call the end of January the best time for planting seeds in a specially prepared container, if there is a possibility of creating additional lighting.

Otherwise, you can plant seeds in late February - early March. In order for the seeds to grow better, it is advised to cover the container with glass on top. Also, for these purposes, it is quite possible to use plastic wrap. Every day the film or glass needs to be lifted for a short time, about 10 minutes is enough. Germinating strawberry seeds is best done on a well-lit windowsill. Do not forget about the moisture content of the earth in the containers; for this it is customary to use a spray bottle.

The seeds of this variety tend to germinate after two weeks or a little more, they also have a fairly low degree of germination - a little more than 50%. After the first leaf hatches, the airing time, that is, lifting the glass and film, should be brought to 30 minutes. When there are already several leaves on the seedlings, they will need to be transplanted into cups. Not only careful watering is important for seedlings, but also a sufficient amount of light. About a couple of weeks before you plan to transplant seedlings into open ground, it should be hardened, that is, prepared for growing in a new place, which will allow the new fragile plant to pass the adaptation period normally. For this purpose, containers with seedlings must be taken out for a short time outside, gradually increasing the time of its stay there. Four months after the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are considered ready for transplantation to a new place of residence.

Strawberries of the Elizaveta variety require digging the soil before planting seedlings, removing all roots. It will also be necessary to crush large lumps of earth, add humus to the soil at the rate of about 8 kg per square meter of area. It should be remembered that for the normal growth and development of plants of this variety, it is important that mineral supplements are present in the soil. It should be borne in mind that phosphorus is correctly added to the soil immediately at the time of planting, and potash and nitrogen fertilizers - during the growing season of the garden culture.

When planting, it is customary to use such a scheme, which has been successfully used by gardeners for many years - the distance between plants should be about 25 cm, between rows - about 70 cm, provided a two-line planting, the gap in the row spacing is about 30 cm. that if you place the outlet too high in relation to the surface of the ground, you may not harvest at all. After planting the culture, it is necessary not only to water, but also thoroughly tamp and level the ground.

Competent care of strawberries involves the implementation of regular watering, after which the soil must be loosened, as well as remove unnecessary weeds that interfere with the normal full development of the culture. Not so long ago, experts began to advise mulching the soil, which makes it possible to avoid too frequent watering, and also prevents the appearance of weeds. The need to apply potash and nitrogen fertilizers has already been mentioned above. It is also advised to remove those peduncles that appeared first in the spring, this will help to get a harvest of larger berries.

It is necessary during the growing season to carry out procedures to combat possible diseases and pests (this applies to the Elizaveta 1 variety, but even on the second, gray rot can appear). Since the variety tends to produce a crop in the first two years, then every couple of years of planting this type of berries must be updated. Before the winter cold sets in, it is imperative to cut off all the leaves, and also cover the bushes with material. The variety is perfect not only for growing outdoors, but also for growing in portable containers or heated greenhouses.


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